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Diversity with notes (हिंदी में) || Class 6 Chapter 1 Politics ||
6 Chapter 1
1.Diversity (विभिन्नता) is the range of many people or things very different from each
is a country of many diversities like cultures (संस्कृति)and traditions (रिवाज).
speak different languages (भाषा),
have various (भिन्न-भिन्न) types of food, celebrate different
festivals (त्यौहार), practise different religions (धर्म).
4.Differences may be classified as
Economic & Social differences
1.It creates differences in amount of
money that people have.
2.It leads to inequality (ऊंचनीच) and making some people rich and
Social differences –
Caste system & gender bias (पक्षपात) are two major social differences
1.It divides India into many societies
& became an evil (बुरा)
Government made laws to show that all human beings are born equal & they
should enjoy equal opportunities (सुविधा or मौक़ा) like Article 14 (Equality (समानता) before law & equal protection (बचाव) before law).
3.But in many villages and cities,
these laws are violated (तोड़ना or उल्लंघनकरना).
1.It means discrimination (भेदभाव) against the girl child
4.Government made many laws like
Article 15 (State shall not discriminate (भेदभाव) on basis of religion (धर्म), race (जाति), caste or birth of place) &
Article 17 (abolition (समाप्ति) of Untouchability (छुआछूत))
Unity in diversity
1.It was given by JL Nehru the phrase,
"unity (एकता) in diversity (विभिन्नता)".
Nehru also mentioned in his book “The Discovery of India” about diversity.
3.India's national anthem (गान), composed (रचना) by Rabindranath Tagore, is another
expression of the unity of India.
Rise in Mixed Influences
1.It started due to the natural disasters
(तबाही) like floods (बाढ़) & droughts (सूखा), wars, forced migration (To move
from one place to other).
2.A new area gave them new lifestyles
& challenges & also mixed cultures (संस्कृति).
Influences of foreigners
1.Many foreigners visited like Hieum
Tsang, Vasco da Gama & Britishers & many others.
brought their culture & traditions with them.
religions, languages & dresses were introduced here.
4.When the British ruled India, women and men
from different cultural, religious and regional backgrounds came together to
oppose (विरोधकरना) them
How do we explain
1.When the train, aeroplane, bus or car
became a part of our lives, people travelled from one part of the world to
another, in ships, on horses, on camels or on foot.
2.Often (अक्सर), they
went in search of new lands, or new places to settle in, or for people to trade
languages, food, music and religions (धर्म) mixed,
and it created new & different cultures (संस्कृति).
historical (ऐतिहासिक) and
geographical (भौगोलिक) factors
influence the diversity of a region.
5.We will study here life in two
different parts of the country, Kerala and Ladakh
is a desert in the mountains in the eastern part of Jammu and
little agriculture is possible here since this region does not receive any rain
and is covered in snow (बर्फ).
are very few trees that can grow in the region.
drinking water, people depend on the melting (पिघलना) snow during the summer months.
here keep sheep and goats.
goats in this region are special because they produce pashmina wool & it is
people eat meat and milk products like cheese (पनीर) and butter (मक्खन).
family owns some goats, cows and dzos (yak-cows).
a desert did not mean that Ladakh did not attract its share of traders (व्यापारी).
reached Tibet via Ladakh which is also called little Tibet.
was introduced in this region & has more Muslim population live here.
12.Ladakh has a very rich oral
tradition (परम्परा) of songs and poems like Kesar Saga are performed and sung
by both Muslims and Buddhists.
1.It is surrounded by the sea on one
side and hills on the other.
made this region an attractive place for traders.
Arab traders also came and settled down here.
Portuguese discovered the sea route to India from Europe when Vasco da Gama
landed with his ship here.
fishing nets used here look exactly like the Chinese fishing nets and are
the utensil (बरतन) used for frying is called the cheenachatti, and it is believed
that the word cheen
could have come from China.
8.The fertile (उपजाऊ) land and climate are suited to
growing rice and a majority of people here eat rice, fish and vegetables.
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